charter

charter
verb
To hire, rent or lease for a temporary use; e.g. to hire or lease a vessel for a voyage
noun
An instrument emanating from the sovereign power, in the nature of a grant, either to the whole nation, or to a class or portion of the people, to a corporation, or to a colony or dependency, assuring to them certain rights, liberties, or powers. Such was the "Great Charter" or "Magna Charta," and such also were the charters granted to certain of the English colonies in America. A charter differs from a constitution, in that the former is granted by the sovereign, while the latter is established by the people themselves. A city's organic law.
Charter of municipal corporation consists of the creative act of incorporation, together with all those laws in force which relate to the incorporation, whether defining the powers of the corporation or regulating the mode of exercise thereof, and statute does not fail to become part of charter simply because it is not labeled as such. Opinion of the Justices, Del., 276 A.2d 736, 739.
An act of a legislature creating a business corporation, or creating and defining the franchise of a corporation.
Under modern statutes, a charter is usually granted by the state secretary of state, who acts under general statutory authority conferred by the state legislature.
Also a corporation's constitution or organic law; that is to say, the articles of incorporation taken in connection with the law under which the corporation was organized. The authority by virtue of which an organized body acts. A contract between the state and the corporation, between the corporation and the stockholders, and between the stockholders and the state.
Leasing or hiring of airplane, vessel, or the like.
In old English law, a deed or other written instrument under seal; a conveyance, covenant, or contract.
@ bank charter
Document issued by governmental authority permitting a bank to operate and transact business.
Document issued by appropriate federal or state authority which permits corporation to commence business as a bank.
@ bareboat charter
Charter where ship owner only provides ship, with charterer providing personnel, insurance and other necessary materials and expenses.
A document under which one who charters or leases a boat becomes for the period of the charter the owner for all practical purposes. Reed v. The Yaka, 373 U.S. 410, 83 S.Ct. 1349, 10 L.Ed.2d 448.
Lease of vessel without a crew. Gillentine v. McKeand, C.A.Mass., 426 F.2d 717, 719.
One whereby charterer assumes full possession and control of the vessel and constitutes the only form of charter that purports to invest temporary powers of ownership in the charterer, Baker v. Raymond Intern., Inc., C.A.La., 656 F.2d 173, 182
@ blank charter
In old English law, a document given to the agents of the crown in the reign of Richard II with power to fill up as they pleased
@ charter agreement
@ charter of affreightment
@ gross charter
Charter where ship owner provides all personnel and equipment and incurs other expenses such as port costs.
@ time charter
Charter wherein vessel is leased for specified time rather than for specified trip or voyage.
See also time (time charter)
+ time charter
A time charter is a specific and express contract by which the owner lets a vessel or some particular part thereof to another person for a specified time or use; the owner continues to operate the vessel, contracting to render services by his master and crew to carry goods loaded on the vessel, and the master and crew remain servants of the owner. Atlantic Banana Co. v. M. V. "Calanca", D.C.N.Y., 342 F.Supp. 447, 453.
A lease of vessel under which owner provides captain and crew who remain subject to owner's control. Gillentine v. McKeand, C.A.Mass., 426 F.2d 717, 719
Compare bareboat charter
@

Black's law dictionary. . 1990.

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  • charter — char·ter 1 n [Old French chartre letter, formal document, from Late Latin chartula, from Latin, diminutive of charta sheet of papyrus] 1 a: a grant or guarantee of rights, powers, or privileges from an authority or agency of a state or country a… …   Law dictionary

  • Charter 08 — Traditional Chinese 零八憲章 Simplified Chinese …   Wikipedia

  • charter — [ ʃartɛr ] n. m. • v. 1950; mot angl., de to charter « affréter » ♦ Anglic. Avion affrété. Le terme français est avion nolisé. Compagnie de charters, louant des avions pour un vol (le prix des places étant plus bas, du fait de l occupation… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Charter — Char ter, n. [OF. chartre, F. chartre, charte, fr. L. chartula a little paper, dim. of charta. See {Chart}, {Card}.] 1. A written evidence in due form of things done or granted, contracts made, etc., between man and man; a deed, or conveyance.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • charter — CHÁRTER, chartere, s.n. 1. Tip de contract de transport naval sau aerian deosebit de cursele regulate, organizat în funcţie de necesităţi. 2. Avion sau navă care circulă conform unui charter (1). [pr.: ceártăr] – Din engl. charter. Trimis de… …   Dicționar Român

  • Charter 97 — is a declaration calling for democracy in Belarus and a human rights group taking its inspiration from the declaration. The document whose title deliberately echoes the Czechoslovak human rights declaration Charter 77 twenty years earlier was… …   Wikipedia

  • chárter — 1. ‘[Vuelo] fletado al margen de los vuelos regulares’ y ‘[autobús] contratado al margen de los servicios regulares’. Es voz tomada del inglés charter, que en español debe escribirse con tilde por ser palabra llana acabada en r (→ tilde2, 1.1.2) …   Diccionario panhispánico de dudas

  • Charter — Char ter, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Chartered}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Chartering}.] 1. To establish by charter. [1913 Webster] 2. To hire or let by charter, as a ship. See {Charter party}, under {Charter}, n. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Charter — Charter: Das Fremdwort für »Urkunde; Freibrief; Frachtvertrag« wurde im 19. Jh. aus gleichbed. engl. charter entlehnt. Dies geht über afrz. chartre auf lat. chartula »kleine Schrift, Briefchen« zurück, eine Verkleinerungsform von charta (vgl. den …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

  • charter — [chärt′ər] n. [ME chartre < OFr < L chartula, dim. of charta: see CARD1] 1. a franchise or written grant of specified rights made by a government or ruler to a person, corporation, etc. 2. a) a document setting forth the aims and principles …   English World dictionary

  • charter — |chártèr| s. m. Ver chárter. • Plural: charters.   ‣ Etimologia: palavra inglesa …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

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